Potential confounding variable in milgrams obedience
These are called confounding variables because they confound (spoil) the validity of the research controlling extraneous variables milgram (1963) operationalises obedience as the maximum voltage a person would deliver shocks to, with 450v being complete obedience. One of the major strengths of milgram's work is the fact that he actually conducted a series of experiments, many of which examined potential third variables and situational characteristics which might impact the research he used different locales, different set-ups, different group sizes, and even examined gender differences. Reviewing transcripts from the experiments in the yale archive, she found a lot of disobedience hidden in the obedience numbers, and a number of confounding variables. Slide1 milgram's obedience studies independent variables dependent variable(s) slide2 milgram's obedience studies independent variables dependent variable(s.
One analysis, using the findings of milgram's standard conditions and those of all the replications conducted by others, correlated the amount of obedience found in each study with its year of publication and found absolutely no relationship between the two variables (blass 2000. Stanley milgram obedience experiment one of the most famous studies of obedience in psychology was carried out by stanley milgram (1963) stanley milgram , a psychologist at yale university, conducted an experiment focusing on the conflict between obedience to authority and personal conscience. Transcript of stanley milgram's shock experiment finally this research would be classified as an experiment the variations in initial conditions explained earlier show that there was a control group and several experimental groups.
Milgram, s (1963) behavioral study of obedience journal of abnormal and social psychology, 67, 371-378 this study was published in the journal of abnormal and social psychology in 1963. Psychology terms 51-75 study play social psychology scientific study of how our thoughts, feelings, perceptions and behaviors are influenced by interactions with others the independent variable in milgram's obedience experiment obedience the dependent variable in milgram's obedience experiment sample confounding variable. The milgram experiment was a series of experimental studies that took place in the 1960s to investigate how willing subjects were to obey an authority figure even when their actions directly conflicted with their personal conscience. Milgram performed a series of these experiments with some variations and based on these series, the independent variables tested included proximity of administrator and teacher, perceived.
This is the most scientific method of research because the researcher is able to deliberately manipulate the iv (independent variable) while controlling the cv (confounding variables), making the outcome of the experiment, the dv (dependent variable), more accurate. In the early 1960s, stanley milgram, a social psychologist at yale, conducted a series of experiments that became famous unsuspecting americans were recruited for what purportedly was an. This removes the confounding variable in milgram's original research that some of them might have continued because they were worried they would lose the money (a cost/benefit analysis, not real obedience. An example is milgram’s experiment on obedience or loftus and palmer's car crash study strength: it is easier to replicate (ie copy) a laboratory experimentthis is because a standardized procedure is used strength: they allow for precise control of extraneous and independent variablesthis allows a cause and effect relationship to be established.
Dependent variable(s) 2 milgram's obedience studies independent variables dependent variable(s) level of obedient behaviour (defined by shock level potential participants answered advertised requests and went through 3-phase clinical, medical, and background screening to ensure that. Milgram manipulated a number of variables (including experi- mental location, proximity of the learner to the participant, and participantgender)in order toassess theireffectson obedience. Resources resources overview introduction new perspectives on milgram's 'obedience' research and its implications for intergroup relations current opinion in psychology, this paper outlines the potential for a social identity perspective on obedience to provide such an explanation.
Potential confounding variable in milgrams obedience
A confounding variable is an “extra” variable that you didn’t account for they can ruin an experiment and give you useless results they can suggest there is correlation when in fact there isn’t. Psychology 50-75 study play social psychology the scientific study of how our thoughts, feelings, perceptions and behaviors are influenced by interactions with others what was the independent variable in milgram's obedience experiment obedience what was the dependent variable in milgram's obedience experiment confounding variable. The milgram experiment was carried out many times whereby milgram (1965) varied the basic procedure (changed the iv) by doing this milgram could identify which factors affected obedience (the dv) obedience was measured by how many participants shocked to the maximum 450 volts (65% in the original study. Reviewing transcripts from the experiments in the yale archive, she found a lot of disobedience hidden in the obedience numbers, and a number of confounding variables for example, milgram made sure subjects knew the payment for participation was theirs even if they walked away, but in the transcripts this seems to have triggered reciprocity.
- However, potential confounding variables were that participants were all first-year psychology students and the females’ victim was female student the lower obedience rates overall may be attributed to the notion that in australian culture there is more of a tradition of questioning authority.
- Obedience and conformity are two kinds of social influences when people change attitude or behavior under the influence of the views of others the term “obedience” refers to direct requests from an authority figure to one or more persons (nail et al, 2000 .
- In obedience research, however, studies have not completely got rid of milgram (1974) classic shock experiment paradigm yet in milgram’s research, one naive subject and one victim, who should be an accomplice, are required in each experiment.
The link between stanley milgram's experimental study of obedience in 1963 and the explanation of the holocaust during the second world war has been the subject of controversy for the past five. Without controlling for potential confounding variables, the internal validity of the experiment is undermined extraneous variables any variable that researchers are not deliberately studying in an experiment is an extraneous (outside) variable that could threaten the validity of the results. A confounding variable would be any other influence that has an effect on weight gain amount of food consumption is a confounding variable, a placebo is a confounding variable, or weather could be a confounding variable each may change the effect of the experiment design. Milgram experiment is a former featured articleplease see the links under article milestones below for its original nomination page (for older articles, check the nomination archive) and why it was removed: this article appeared on wikipedia's main page as today's featured article on september 9, 2004.